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41460 Oriental Institute
About the Unit:
The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago is a research organization and museum devoted to the study of the ancient Near East. Founded in 1919 by James Henry Breasted with the financial support of John D. Rockefeller Jr., it was originally envisaged as a research laboratory for the investigation of the early human career that would trace humankind's progress from the most ancient days of the Middle East. It is an internationally recognized pioneer in the archaeology, philology and history of ancient Near Eastern civilizations. The goal of the Oriental Institute is to be the world's leading center for the study of ancient Near Eastern civilizations by combining innovation in theory, methodology, and significant empirical discovery with the highest standards of rigorous scholarship. Its research objective is to integrate archaeological, textual, and art with historical data to understand the development and functioning of the ancient civilizations of the Near East from the earliest Holocene through the Medieval period.